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Title: Activating the roll of Public Prosecutor’s Office in the Iraqi KRG

Implementing a mature democratic system and realizing a healthy model of governance in any country, is impossible without sovereignty of law and all the judicial institutions. Public prosecutor, as any other specialized judicial institution, although has a different structure, duty and task, represents the societal protection and public interest, which gives it a strong position. The duty of public prosecutor in any country has a significant effect in realizing the sovereignty of law, protection of rights, liberties and implementing justice.
The experience of the countries in the world suggest that public prosecutor, in terms of structure and its relation to the other institutions, leaves an effect on the performance of the legislative, executive and judiciary authorities, as it affects the power and of its own institution, in terms of compliance with legal terms, accountable to an institution which monitors and defends the governance system and the legal institutions, protects the lives and wealth of public and security.
Thus, the idea of public prosecutor is not new. Public prosecutor was the representative of the executive power [king] in the past, punishing anyone or party which violates the laws, defending the public good. However, through time and with the creation of judiciary power as the backbone of justice, public prosecutor has become the second in importance to protect the rights of the public.
As mentioned above, public prosecutor has its presence on many different experiences. In the Kurdistan region, the public prosecutor was regulated under the executive authority, relating to the minister of Justice. However, through reading the law of the public prosecutor in Iraq and the Kurdistan region, it becomes clear that the public prosecutor is not independent in terms of administration and finance, which made it inactive in performing its duties. The best evidence to this course is the current crises in the Kurdistan region. Observing the problems closely, we have to question to the role and position of the public prosecutor in the Kurdistan region.
This paper contains four solutions, aiming at giving clarification to the members of parliament, as they are the only legislative authority in the Kurdistan region that are able to regulate the public prosecutor through issuing a special law to regulate the factors that affect the independence of the public prosecutor, as appointing the head and members of the public prosecution, their duty time, services, structure, finance of the institution in a way that guarantees more independence. 

Field of Work
Iraq Parliamentary Voter Turnout :
21 / 6 / 2016
Voter Turn out of Iraqi Kurdistan Parliament Elections :
20 / 6 / 2016
21 / 6 / 2016
Human Rights
Freedom of Assembly is a Basic Human Right
1 / 7 / 2012
Low and low project
26 / 8 / 2013
Political Participation
KIE’s role in organizing demonstrations for reforming the demonstration law in the KRG.
15 / 10 / 2011
Kurdish Institute for Elections KIE
Iraq- Sulaimany, Bakhtiaree Q.,
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info@kie-ngo.org , aram.jamal@kie-ngo.org
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