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In October 2016 , KIE's focus group conducted a qualitative survey about the condition of decentralization within the borders of the Sulaimany and Halabja governorates. For the purpose of the survey, the focus groups held face-to-face interviews with fifteen Mayors, the two supervisors of the two independent administrative units of both Raparin and Garmyan, the deputy governor of Halabja, fourteen governorate director generals from Sulaimany governorate and three director generals from the Halabja governorate, thirteen members of Sulaimany’s governorate council, and two university professors. Each were asked questions corresponding to the nature of their position. The reports strategy required from the supervisor team of the survey to design, based on the proximity the jobs and positions, two different yet complementary bundles of questions: The first bundle of questions was directed at members of the governorate council and university professors since the nature of this first bundle of questions aimed at finding the comparative differences between the legal texts and the prevalent reality. In other words, these questions investigate the laws and legal framework that relates decentralization in the Kurdistan Region. The second bundle of questions was directed at Mayors, director generals, the supervisors of independent administrative units and governors. This bundle necessitates answers that are based of practical, daily and field knowledge. Moreover, these answers scrutinize the impact of the decrees from the Kurdistan Region’s central government on the application of administrative and fiscal decentralization within the institutes and offices of the administrative units.
The members of our focus group, through conversing with the actors and figures of the local institutions of Sulaimany and Halbja, sought to assess the condition of decentralization in the two provinces and to reveal the extent to which decentralization has been applied in the institutions of the administrative units. This revelation can be noticed from the central government’s recognition of local and zonal interest and the need for providing the people of the local administrative units in the two provinces with public services. Additionally, the answers provided by the heads of the administrative units and director generals disclose how far the local institutions have succeeded at evading the webs and networks, composed of public employment, administration and fiscal administration, established by the central government, situated in the capital city Erbil. 

Field of Work
Iraq Parliamentary Voter Turnout :
21 / 6 / 2016
Voter Turn out of Iraqi Kurdistan Parliament Elections :
20 / 6 / 2016
21 / 6 / 2016
Human Rights
Freedom of Assembly is a Basic Human Right
1 / 7 / 2012
Low and low project
26 / 8 / 2013
Political Participation
KIE’s role in organizing demonstrations for reforming the demonstration law in the KRG.
15 / 10 / 2011
Kurdish Institute for Elections KIE
Iraq- Sulaimany, Bakhtiaree Q.,
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info@kie-ngo.org , aram.jamal@kie-ngo.org
+964 0770 1573210
+964 53 3187111
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