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Electoral Cycle
27 / 4 / 2013

Electoral Cycle

Electoral Cycle is a visual planning and training tool designed to assist development agencies, electoralassistance providers and electoral officials in partner countries to understand the cyclical nature of the various challenges faced in electoral processes. 
The Electoral Cycle is developed by the European Commission (EC), the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA) and the United Nations Development Programm (UNDP) as a response to obstacles to the implementation of long-term assistance in the field of elections and by recognising the principles of the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness.
The electoral cycle appreciates elections as continuous processes rather than isolated events. At the most general level, the electoral cycle is divided in three main periods: the pre-electoral period, the electoral period and the post-electoral period. Notably, the electoral cycle has no fixed starting or ending points, which is also true for the three periods and for the segments within the cycle. In theory, it may be said that one cycle ends when another beings. However, some post-electoral period activities may still be ongoing when activities related to the subsequent electoral cycle commence. Similarly, some segments, such as civic education and support to political parties, cut across the whole cycle and are therefore to be considered ongoing activities throughout all three periods.
Elections are composed of a number of integrated building blocks, with different stakeholders interacting and influencing each other. Electoral components and stakeholders do not stand alone. They are inter-dependent, and therefore the breakdown of one aspect (for example the collapse of a particular system of voter registration) can negatively impact on any other, including on the credibility of the election itself, and thus on the legitimacy of the elected government and the democratization process of a partner country and its overall development objectives.



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Kurdish Institute for Elections KIE
Iraq- Sulaimany, Bakhtiaree Q.,
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info@kie-ngo.org , aram.jamal@kie-ngo.org
+964 0770 1573210
+964 53 3187111
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